Even if for the last several years you weren’t bothered by any dental problems, it doesn’t mean that your teeth are actually healthy. Proper daily oral hygiene, professional teeth cleaning twice a year, and regular dental examinations will help protect your teeth from hidden diseases.
We are all afraid of tooth decay since it’s an invisible and insidious disease. But there are other invisible dental and body problems that can also lead to tooth loss. This article is intended to tell you about seven invisible and dangerous illnesses that everyone should know about.
1. Dental Cyst and Granuloma
You may not notice any dental problems for several years and only a dental X-ray can detect a dark spot in the area of the tooth root which is known as granuloma. The presence of granuloma occurs due to a pathological process in the tooth that provokes the growth of granulomas or cysts. These neoplasms don’t pass on their own and require treatment. A timely and high-quality treatment increases the chance of saving the tooth.
Periodontitis is a disease of the tissues surrounding the teeth. Periodontitis may not manifest itself for several years. But by the time a person notices bleeding, bad breath, and exposed teeth roots, the treatment will no longer be as effective as in the first stages of this disease.
Periodontitis has many causes such as genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders, and even poor oral hygiene. Prevention of periodontitis involves proper oral care and professional hygiene twice a year.
3. Tooth Decay
Tooth decay usually occurs in the pits and fissures (grooves) on your teeth. If the fissures are wide in shape and their bottom is clearly visible, you have nothing to fear. But if the fissure is like a bottleneck and its bottom is not visible then it’s impossible to properly clean it. This means the food will accumulate there which may lead to invisible tooth decay. One of the best preventive methods is fissure sealants.
Decay between the teeth is also difficult to notice. Actually, this is the most dangerous form of tooth decay. Therefore, it’s important to visit a family dentist to avoid decay which can lead to tooth loss.
This disease is also invisible especially if you live alone. It’s manifested by involuntary clenching of the teeth which most often occurs at night. In 70% of cases, this disease occurs due to regular stress and anxiety.
If the teeth grinding occurs mainly at night, then a person may not know that he or she has bruxism. However, there are some indirect signs of this disease that may help you determine it.
Bruxism includes such symptoms as frequent ear pains, headaches in the morning, temporomandibular joint pain, neck, shoulder and back pain, frequent dizziness, ringing in the ears, and poor sleep quality.
If you often experience nervous stress, you may suffer from bruxism. This disorder can lead to premature teeth eruption, gum disease, hearing impairment, and facial asymmetry. Depending on the complexity and severity of this disease, the treatment may involve using special mouthguards at night, correcting the occlusion with orthodontic devices, and taking medications prescribed by a neurologist.
5. Enamel Pearls
Sometimes tooth tissues begin to form incorrectly which causes enamel hyperplasia. This is a kind of growth that is called enamel pearl. These enamel pearls are formed from enamel but they are empty inside or filled with dentin or connective tissue resembling pulp. If they are located inside the tooth, then they can be detected only with radiographic exams. Such growths form on the tooth roots. If left untreated, enamel pearls can provoke gum inflammation and tooth loss.
Diabetes affects overall health and may cause severe dental problems. Tooth loss is one of the possible consequences of this disease. If a person with diabetes doesn’t take care of their teeth and gums, then he or she may gradually them. A patient with diabetes, in addition to controlling blood sugar, should monitor their gums. It’s recommended to regularly visit a periodontist and hygienist. The key to maintaining healthy teeth is normal blood sugar levels and the absence of periodontitis and tartar.
Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bone tissue thins which leads to bone fracturing. Scientists recently found that there is a connection between osteoporosis and dental problems including tooth loss. Teeth suffer due to a lack of calcium and fluoride in the body. They become weak and fragile. Since osteoporosis may cause periodontitis, it can eventually lead to tooth loss. But it’s possible to avoid tooth loss if you stop periodontitis and treat your bone tissue in time.
During a bone exam, you can also determine the possible risk for future inflammation of periodontal tissues. In the case of osteoporosis, doctors recommend changing the diet:
- Prohibited foods: spicy and fried foods, products high in acid (radish, sorrel, etc.), salted snacks, vinegar marinades, canned foods, soda, coffee, and alcohol.
- Recommended foods: soups, meat, seafood, vegetables, cereals, pasta, dairy products, berries, dried fruits, eggs, herbal and fruit teas, vegetables, and animal fats.
Such a diet is rich in vitamins and calcium which will be good not only for your bones and teeth but also for your digestive system.